This mission is a collection of photos relevant to the TV Series 12 O'Clock High.


Wonderful book by the noted authors, a must for a fan of the TV series as well as the Movie. It is available on Amazon here . Also Ebay has copies. Note: I bought this copy Used from Ebay about 10 years ago, and not knowing at the time, you can see it is signed by the author Mr. Duffin, and must have been a gift to Jim Storie from his brother.


The Generals pictured below are the hallmark of the air war in Europe. While watching the episodes you can make out the pictures on the wall in General Savages office of these officers, of course placed on the set as a tribute to them.

If you have Amazon Prime there is a great aviation war documentary put together by Nelson R. DeMille (Viet Nam Veteran and War Historian) called the History of Air Combat, Episode 5: The Tide Turns: Allies Strike Back and Episode 6: Air Power & Armies: Strategic Warfare is about the air war in Europe and the roles the Generals noted below played in that success.

Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold (June 25, 1886 - January 15, 1950) - His title was changed to chief of the Army Air Forces on June 30, 1941, and that December he got a third star. When the War Department General Staff was organized in March 1942 Arnold became commanding general of Army Air Forces. Prior to and all during World War II, he directed air activities for the nation's global war against Germany and Japan. Under him the air arm grew from 22,000 officers and men with 3,900 planes to nearly 2,500,000 men and 75,000 aircraft. Early in 1943 Arnold made a 35,000-mile tour of North Africa, Middle East, India and China, and attended the Casablanca Conferences. In March 1943 he was promoted to four-star general. He suffered a heart attack in 1945 as the war drew to a close, attributed by his doctors to overwork.


General Ira Clarence Eaker (April 13, 1896 - August 6, 1987) - In January 1942, he was assigned to organize the VIII Bomber Command and to understudy the British system of bomber operations; then in December 1942, he assumed command of the Eighth Air Force in England. Later, he became commanding general of all U.S. Army Air Forces in the United Kingdom. In January 1944, he was named Air Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces, having under his command the 12th and 15th U.S. Air Forces and the British Desert and Balkan Air Forces.


General Carl Andrew Spaatz (June 28, 1891 - July 14, 1974) - A few weeks after Pearl Harbor, in January 1942, General Spaatz was assigned as chief of the Army Air Force Combat Command at Washington and promoted to the temporary rank of major general. In May 1942, became commander of the Eighth Air Force, transferring to the European theater of operations in that capacity in July 1942, to prepare for the American bombing of Germany. His accomplishments earned him an award of the Legion of Merit. On July 7, he was appointed Commanding General of the U.S. Army Air Forces in the European Theater, an addition to his duties as commander of the Eighth.


General Claude Edward Duncan was born in Boulder, Colo. in 1895. In January 1942, was assigned as a special observer with the Eighth Air Force in England. The following month he became Chief of Staff of the Eighth Bomber Command there, and in June 1942, assumed command of the First Provisional Wing of that command. From August to November 1942 he was commander of the XII Bomber Command in England and North Africa.


General Curtis E. LeMay of the United States Air Force. General LeMay is credited with designing and implementing an effective, but also controversial, systematic strategic bombing campaign in the Pacific theater during World War II. After the war, he was assigned to command USAF Europe and coordinated the Berlin airlift. He served as commander of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) from 1948 to 1957, where he presided over the transition to an all-jet aircraft force that focused on the deployment of nuclear weapons. He served as Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force from 1961 to 1965. As Chief of Staff of the Air Force, he called for the bombing of the Cuban missile sites during the Cuban Missile Crisis and sought a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. He was a War-hawk, for sure!


Colonel Armstrong led the first daylight raid ever made by the U.S. Army Air Force over Axis territory. This raid over Rouen-Sotteville, France blasted the target without loss of life or aircraft. For this operation Colonel Armstrong received the Silver Star and an oak leaf cluster to the Distinguished Flying Cross. He was also awarded the British Flying Cross for the Rouen-Sotteville raid, the first United States officer to be so honored.

Early in 1943, Brigadier General Armstrong led the group over Wilhelmshaven in the first heavy bomber raid over Germany proper. The B-17 experiences during this time became the basis of Bierne Lay Jr. and Sy Bartlett's book and movie "Twelve O'Clock High".

He returned to the United States in August 1943 and commanded bombardment training wings at Dalhart, Texas, Ardmore, Okla., and Colorado Springs, Colo. During the summer of 1945 he flew numerous missions over oil targets in Japan. In August he flew from Guam to Honshu, the longest and last very heavy bombing raid in the war, without bomb-bay tanks and with an extremely heavy bomb load. In November 1945, he led the first non-stop flight from Hokkaido, Japan, to Washington, D.C., in a Boeing B-29 bomber. He was awarded an oak leaf cluster to the Distinguished Flying Cross for each of the above achievements.



More photos coming soon...... I am late for briefing!